Downloads

Juvenile Justice Topics

An Empirically-Based Approach for Prosecuting Juvenile Sex Crimes

Paul Stern, J.D. Association of Prosecuting Attorneys


 

Ten Things to Know about Trauma and Delinquency

Kristine Buffington, MSW, Carly B. Dierkhising, MA, and Shawn C. Marsh, Ph.D. Juvenile and Family Justice Today

Helping Traumatized Children: Tips for Judges

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

 

Effectiveness of Treatment for Juveniles Who Sexually Offend

Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking

SOMAPI Research Briefs
These research briefs focus on topics covered in the sexual offending and sex offender management literature review. Each brief is designed to get key findings from the literature review into the hands of policymakers and practitioners. Overall, the briefs are intended to provide trustworthy, up-to-date information that can be used to identify what works to combat sexual offending and prevent sexual victimization.

 

Perils of Registering Youth Who Commit Sex Offenses  

and

Youth Who Commit Sex Offenses

National Juvenile Justice Network

Rethinking Adolescent Policies

 

State Taskforce Reports


Improving Illinois' Response to Sexual Offenses Committed by Youth

Strategies for Improving Outcomes for Juveniles Adjudicated of Sexual Offenses in Texas

Prevention of Sexual Abuse and Problematic Sexual Behavior
Problematic Sexual Behavior of Youth

Click here to order the Adolescent Practice Guidelines from the Association of the Treatment of Sexual Abusers

Adolescent Sex Offenders: Common Misconceptions vs. Current Evidence

National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

Children with Sexual Behavior Problems: Common Misunderstandings vs. Current Findings

Indian County Child Trauma Center

Collaborative, Community Based, Evidence Based Services: Targeting Problematic Sexual Behavior in Children and Youth

The National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

Como Entender y Manejar los Problemas de Comportamiento Sexual en los Ninos

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network The National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

The Maryland Psychologist 63(1)

 

Understanding and Coping with Sexual Behavior Problems in Children

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

SOMAPI Research Briefs
These research briefs focus on topics covered in the sexual offending and sex offender management literature review. Each brief is designed to get key findings from the literature review into the hands of policymakers and practitioners. Overall, the briefs are intended to provide trustworthy, up-to-date information that can be used to identify what works to combat sexual offending and prevent sexual victimization.

NCA Fact Sheets

The three fact sheets below are developed for use by CACs to educate themselves, their partners, caregivers, and communities on addressing youth and children with PSBs. You can click on the pictures to view their content. 

This fact sheet is intended for CAC leaders and staff, with guidance on building the response to problematic sexual behaviors, the key role CACs play in addressing this issue, and building community support for the CAC response.

This fact sheet is an overview of problematic sexual behaviors in youth and children, and includes basic information on the continuum of childhood sexual behaviors, criteria for problematic sexual behaviors, the role of language and science in informing the response, and next steps for communities. It is appropriate for community partners, multidisciplinary team members, and general education on the issue for CAC staff and community members. 

This fact sheet is intended for caregivers of children and youth with problematic sexual behaviors, with guidance on the how caregivers can help their children and answers to pressing questions caregivers and family members may have.

Sexual Development

Sexual Development and Behavior in Children

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

 

 

Desarrollo Sexual y Conducta en los Ninos

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

The National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

 

 

Sexual Development and Sexual Behavior Problems in Children Ages 2-12

Indian Country Child Trauma Center

An Overview of Healthy Childhood Sexual Development

National Sexual Violence Resource Center

Website Resources

Web Resources

Disclaimer: Links to external websites are provided for convenience of reference only and are not intended as an endorsement by the NCSBY of the organization or individual operating the host web site or a warranty of any type regarding the host web site or the information on that site.

Child Advocacy Centers

A Children’s Advocacy Center (CAC) is a child-focused facility that brings together members of law enforcement, child protection services, doctors, mental health workers, and other professionals involved in a child’s case. Through teamwork and collaboration, CACs help these professionals create an effective and efficient approach that addresses the child’s needs first.

Midwest Regional Children’s Advocacy Center

National Children's Advocacy Center

National Children’s Alliance

Native American Children’s Alliance

Northeast Regional Children’s Advocacy Center

Southern Regional Children’s Advocacy Center

Western Regional Children’s Advocacy Center

Evidence-Based Treatment

American Academy of Pediatrics: Evidence-Based Child and Adolescent Psychosocial Interventions

Blueprints programs: Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence

California Evidence Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare

The California Evidence-Based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare (CEBC) provides child welfare professionals with easy access to vital information about selected child welfare related programs. The primary task of the CEBC is to inform the child welfare community about the research evidence for programs being used or marketed in California.* The CEBC also lists programs that may be less well-known in California, but were recommended by the Topic Expert for that Topic Area.

Multisystemic Therapy for Problematic Sexual Behavior

National Traumatic Stress Network

OJJDPModel Programs Guide

National Registry of Evidence-based Programs and Practices (NREPP)

Trauma Focused CBT

Provides online TF-CBT training and resources

 

Healthy Sexuality and Sex Education Resources

Advocates for Youth: Rights, Respect, and Responsibility

American Family Physician

Sexual Behaviors in Children: Evaluation and Management

American Psychological Association: Answers to your questions about transgender youth and gender identity

American Psychological Association: Answers to Your Questions For a Better Understanding of Sexual Orientation & Homosexuality

American Sexual Health Association

Information for youth on sexual health and sexually transmitted infections

Center for Parent and Youth Understanding (CPYU)

A nonprofit organization committed to building strong families by serving to bridge the cultural-generational gap between parents and teenagers. At a time when an already confusing youth culture is changing quickly, CPYU helps parents, youth workers, educators, and others understand teenagers and their culture so that they will be better equipped to help children and teens navigate the challenging world of adolescence.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Information on adolescent health and sexual behavior and possible risks

Committee for Children

Offers tips on how to teach children about safe touch as well as general information on how to talk to your child about sexual issues

Common Sense Media

Advice for parents talking about sexting

Healthy Children

Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation

Partnership with MTV to present information about sexuality and sexual health in an engaging, interactive format

KidsHealth

King County Washington FLASH (Family Life and Sexual Health) Curriculum

FLASH is a sexual health curriculum that is targeted for children between the ages of 5 – 12 years and addresses physical development, promotion of sexual health, prevention of disease, interpersonal relationships, body image and gender roles. Unique characteristics of the program include provision of resources for youth receiving special education services, emphasis on healthy sexuality across the life span, cultural sensitivity, and dual focus on abstinence as well as prevention of pregnancy, HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases.

Media Impact

American Psychological Association task force report on the sexualization of girls. APA’s report on the consequences of the media on girls

Netsmartz Workshop

Provides information on internet safety including sexting, social media, gaming, cyberbullying, etc.

Planned Parenthood Federation of America

Information and resources for teens about sex and sexuality

Planned Parenthood of Northern New Jersey

A variety of healthy sexuality books and videos, including Streetwise to Sex-Wise, Second Edition (Brown & Taverner, 2001)

Relationships and Healthy Intimacy for Students

Religious Institute on Sexual Morality, Justice and Healing

Faith based, non-denominational approach to sexual education that is accurate and inclusive

Rutgers University Sex Education by Teens for Teens

Sexuality Information and Education Council of the United States

Information and resources for the public and providers on sex education for youth

Sexuality Resource Center for Parents

Surgeon General Call to Action on Sexual Health

Talking with Kids

This website is aimed at parents, providing helpful information about how to communicate with their kids about tough issues such as sex, violence, drugs, and alcohol

Internet and Technology Safety

How to Combat Cyberbullying

 

Protectyoungminds.org

Website devoted to parents and professionals to protect young kids from pornography, and promote healing from sexual exploitation. The website includes practical strategies on ways to address pornography through prevention and response.

 

Think You Know

Find the latest information on the sites you like to visit, mobiles and new technology. Find out what’s good, what’s not and what you can do about it

 

Childnet International

A non-profit organisation working with others to help make the internet a great and safe place for children

 

Childline

The internet is a great way to connect with your friends and learn new things. It's also important to stay safe and make sure you don't share things that could put you in danger. If you're worried about how much of your life is online you can take steps to be safer. Whatever your worry, ChildLine can help.

 

 Common Sense Media

Rating, educating, and advocating for kids, families, and schools

Fight the New Drug

Fight the New Drug provide information and videos to make an informed decision regarding pornography by raising awareness on its harmful effects based on science, facts, and personal accounts.

 

Safer Internet Centre

Find e-safety tips, advice and resources to help children and young people stay safe on the internet.

 

Kidsmart

Offers tips and advice on children's use of various media sources.

 

South West Grid for Learning - Digital Literacy

Free materials designed to empower pupils and students to think critically, behave safely, and participate responsibly in our digital world.

 

Netaware

Your guide to the social networks your kids use. Stay up to date and keep your child safe in today's digital world.

 

Internet Matters

Helping parents keep their children safe online.

 

Parental Controls On

Protect your kids curiosity online by activating simple parental controls around your home.

 

 

NSPCC: Keeping Children Safe

Advice that will untangle the web, and show you how you can be just as great a parent online, as you are the rest of the time.

 

NSPCC: "I saw your Willy"

A video teaching parents how to be share aware and keep their children safe online.

 

Child Exploitation and Online Protection Center (CEOP): "Exposed"

A video designed for 14-18 year olds dealing with the subjects of sexting and cyberbullying.

 

Child Exploitation and Online Protection Center (CEOP): "Nude Selifes:

An educational program that helps parents and caregivers understand why children create and share nude photos.

 

 

 Home internet security throgh Open DNS

Wifi filtering on your home network.

Cisco logo

 

 

K9 Web Protection

Allows you to block categories of webpages and specific pages.

 

AT&T Parental Controls

Instructions on how to create an account and access parental controls

 

App Reviews

Reviews of common apps used on mobile phones and tablets

 

Online safety for teens

Ovreview of online safety for teens including cyberbullying and sexual harassment

 

National Children's Advocacy Center

Information for parents on child maltreatment, sexual development, trauma, and more

 

Family Online Safety Institute

Information on practices for digital parenting

 

On Guard Line

Tips for protecting your kids online

 

Netsmartz Parent Information

Tips and discussion starters for talking with your kids about safe mobile and online practices

 

Juvenile Justice and Deliquency

Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention

OJJDP, a component of the Office of Justice Programs, U.S. Department of Justice, accomplishes its mission by supporting states, local communities, and tribal jurisdictions in their efforts to develop and implement effective programs for juveniles. The Office strives to strengthen the juvenile justice system's efforts to protect public safety, hold offenders accountable, and provide services that address the needs of youth and their families.

TTA360

TTA360 is a centralized training and technical assitance (TTA) request system that allows you to submit a request to any of the TTA providers available through the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP).

Prevention

Gay, Lesbian and Straight Education Network

Provides resources for students, educators, and policy makers to address bullying and bias in schools

Maine Coalition Against Sexual Assault

Engages in advocacy, provides support to sexual assault centers and statewide trainings, and enhances public awareness to end sexual violence.

Maine’s Committee to Prevent Sexual Abuse Report

Men Can Stop Rape

Prevention program that challenges harmful aspects of traditional masculinity and helps young men value alternative visions of masculine strength

The National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy

This site contains information on teenage pregnancy prevention, including tips for parents.

Stop It Now!: Together we can prevent the sexual abuse of children

Since 1992 Stop It Now!® has been preventing the sexual abuse of children by helping adults, families and communities take actions that keep kids safe - especially before they are ever harmed.

Webinar: “Work with children who present with abusive sexual behaviour: A prevention strategy”

Problematic Sexual Behaviors of Youth

American Academy of Pediatrics

Online course about sexual violence for health care professionals.  

American Family Physician

Sexual Behaviors in Children: Evaluation and Management

Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers

ATSA was founded to foster research, facilitate information exchange, further professional education and provide for the advancement of professional standards and practices in the field of sex offender evaluation and treatment.

 Center for Sex Offender Management

Serves as clearinghouse for information and technical assistance for the public and professionals regarding effective management of adults and youth with sexual behavior problems.

Children with Problematic Sexual Behaviors and their Families - DHS

 Faith-based Community Information

 

Neari-Press

NEARI Press has been serving professionals nationwide for over 20 years as a primary source of cutting-edge information and resources about sexual violence/abuse prevention, information and resources for professionals largely working with youth who display sexual behavior problems and their families, and resources for professionals working with victims/survivors.

 Interstate Commission for Juveniles State Sex Offender Matrix

Provides a brief overview of each state's registration requirements and timelines, public notification, risk assessment, residency, and electronic monitoring requirements regarding juvenile sex offenders.

 Maine’s Committee to Prevent Sexual Abuse Report

Information about youth with sexual behavior problems in Maine

 National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth

Develops and disseminates information and curricula on adolescents and children with problematic sexual behavior for professionals, caregivers, and youth.

National Juvenile Justice Network

An organization that advocates for fair and developmentally appropriate adjudication and treatment for all children, youth and families involved in the juvenile justice system.

  National Organization for the Treatment of Abusers

With a growing multi-disciplinary membership comprised of practitioners, managers and policy makers from the public, private and voluntary sectors, NOTA is able to bring a wide variety of perspectives to intervention with sexual aggressors.

 National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children

The National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children is a charity campaigning and working in child protection in England, Wales, Northern Ireland and the Channel Islands

Resources for Resolving Violence

A Collaborative Approach for Family Reconciliation and Reunification with Youth Who Have Caused Sexual Harm

When a child is coming back to the community.   Community based standards for addressing youth who have sexually abused. 

 

Safer Society

Information and resources for effective prevention, treatment, and public policy regarding youth with problem sexual behavior.

Sex Offender Management Assessment and Planning Initiative

 Stop It Now!: Together we can prevent the sexual abuse of children

Since 1992 Stop It Now!® has been preventing the sexual abuse of children by helping adults, families and communities take actions that keep kids safe - especially before they are ever harmed.

Toni Cavanagh Johnson, Ph.D

Resources regarding problematic sexual behavior of youth.

 

 

 

Sexual Offender: Adults

Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers: Making Society Safer

The Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers is an international, multi-disciplinary organization dedicated to preventing sexual abuse. Through research, education, and shared learning ATSA promotes evidence based practice, public policy and community strategies that lead to the effective assessment, treatment and management of individuals who have sexually abused or are at risk to abuse.

Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking

The responsibilities of the SMART Office include providing jurisdictions with guidance regarding the implementation of the Adam Walsh Act, and providing technical assistance to the states, territories, Indian tribes, local governments, and to public and private organizations. 

Stop It Now!: Together we can prevent the sexual abuse of children

Since 1992 Stop It Now!® has been preventing the sexual abuse of children by helping adults, families and communities take actions that keep kids safe - especially before they are ever harmed.

Trauma Including Sexual Abuse

American Humane Association: The Nation’s Voice for the Protection of Children and Animals

Awareness and Recovery for Sexual Assault

The Center for Traumatic Stress in Children and Adolescents

Allegany General Hospital’s resources on trauma, with a focus on adapting TF-CBT for youth who have experience traumatic grief.

Child Welfare Information Gateway

Previously the National Clearinghouse on Child Abuse and Neglect, this website provides resources, information, and links on topics related to abuse/neglect education, prevention, assessment, and intervention, including state-specific information.

Darkness to Light

Provides online training about sexual abuse and information on how to prevent abuse in the community. Information on how to recognize signs in adults that may indicate they are unsafe.

Enough Abuse Campaign

Faith-based Community Information

Indian Country Child Trauma Center

Medical University of South Carolina - Child Victim

Neari Press: Balancing Acts

National Center for PTSD

Resources and information on assessment and treatment of PTSD for the public and professionals about PTSD assessment and treatment (both child and adult resources)

The National Center for Victims of Crime

The mission of the National Center for Victims of Crime is to forge a national commitment to help victims of crime rebuild their lives. We are dedicated to serving individuals, families, and communities harmed by crime.

The National Child Traumatic Stress Network

Website provides publications and other information for parents, caregivers, and professionals on trauma and trauma assessment and treatment

Children's Advocacy Center Directors' Guide to Quality Mental Healthcare

Sesame Street in Communities

Information and video about lessening the effects of traumatic experiences.

Stop It Now!: Together we can prevent the sexual abuse of children

Since 1992 Stop It Now!® has been preventing the sexual abuse of children by helping adults, families and communities take actions that keep kids safe - especially before they are ever harmed.

Trauma Focused CBT

Provides online TF-CBT training and resources

New Resources on Trauma and Juvenile Justice

Books for Parents and Caregivers

http://www.ncsby.org/sites/default/files/resources/Books%20for%20Caregivers%20Final_0.pdf
Human Sexuality, Sex Education

Annunziata, J., & Nemiroff, M. (2003). Sex and babies: First facts. Washington, DC: Magination Press.

Bailey, J. (2004). Sex, puberty, and all that stuff: A guide to growing up. Hauppauge, NY: Barron’s Educational Series.

Berman, L. (2009). Talking to your kids about sex: Turning the “talk” into conversation for life. London: DK Publishing.

Brown, L. K., & Brown, M. (1997). What’s the big secret? Talking about sex with girls and boys. Boston: Little, Brown and Company.

Colblentz, J. (1992). God’s will for my body; Guidance for adolescents. Harrisonburg: Christian Light Publications, Inc.

Dunham, K. (2013). The boy’s body book: Everything you need to know for growing up you! Kennebunkport: Applesauce Press.

Girard, L. W. (1984). My body is private. Morton Grove: Albert Whitman & Company.

Gitchel, S. and Foster, L. (2005). Let’s talk about s-e-x. A guide for kids 9 – 12 and their parents, 2nd edition. Excelsior, MN: Book Peddlers.

Goldman, L. (2010). Great answers to difficult questions about sex: What children need to know. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Gravelle, K., & Gravelle, J. (2006). The period book: Everything you don’t want to ask (but need to know). New York: Walker and Company.

Gravelle, K., Castro, N., & Castro C. (1998). What’s going on down there? Answers to questions boys find hard to ask. New York: Walker and Company.

Haffner, D. W. (1999). From diapers to dating: A parent’s guide to raising sexually healthy children. New York: Newmarket Press.

Harris, R. H. (1994). Changing bodies, growing up, sex and sexual health; It’s perfectly normal. Cambridge: Candlewick Press.

Harris, R. H. (1999). It's So Amazing!: A Book about Eggs, Sperm, Birth, Babies, and Families. Cambridge: Candlewick Press.

Harris, R. H. (2006). It’s not the stork; A book about girls, boys, babies, bodies, families, and friends. Cambridge: Candlewick Press. 

Hickling, Meg. (2005). The new speaking of sex: What your children need to know and when they need to know it. Kelowna, BC, Canada: Wood Lake Publishing, Inc.

Holmes, M. & Hutchinson, T. (2005). Girlology, A guide to stuff that matters, relationships, body talk, and girl power. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications.

Holmes, M & Hutchinson, T. (2007). Girlology, Hang-ups, Hook-ups, and Holding out. Deerfield Beach, FL: Health Communications.

Johnson, T. C. (1999). Understanding Your Child’s Sexual Behavior: What’s Natural and Healthy. Oakland, CA: New Harbinger Publications.

Johnston, D. (2015). Is this normal: MORE girls’ questions, answered by the editors of the care and keeping of you. Middleton, WI: American Girl Publishers. Jones, S. &

Jones B. (1995). What’s the big deal? Why God cares about sex (Ages 8 – 11). Colorado Springs: Navpress Books & Bible Studies.

Jones, S. & Jones, B. (1995). Facing the facts; The truth about sex and you (Ages 11-14). Colorado Springs: Navpress Books & Bible Studies.

Jones, S. & Jones, B. (2007). "The Story of Me (God's Design for Sex)". Colorado Springs, CO: Nav Press Publishing Group.

Jukes, M. (1998). Growing up it’s a girl thing; straight talk about first bras, first periods, and your changing body. New York: Alfred A. Knopf.

Kirberger, K. (2003). No body’s perfect; Stories by teens about body image, self-acceptance, and the search for identity. New York: Scholastic.

Langford, L. (1998). The big talk; Talking to your child about sex and dating. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Lasser, M. (1999). Talking to your kids about sex; how to have a lifetime of age-appropriate conversations with your children about healthy sexuality. Colorado Springs: WaterBrook Press.

Leman, K., and K. F. Bell. (2004). A chicken’s guide to talking turkey with your kids about sex. Grand Rapids: Zondervan.

McCoy, K., & Wibbelsman, C. (2003). Growing and changing: A handbook for preteens. New York: Perigee Press.

Madaras, L. & Madaras, A. (2000). The “what’s happening to my body?” Book for boys. A growing up guide for parents and sons. New York: Newmarket Press.

Madaras, L. & Madaras, A. (2007). My body, myself: for boys. NY: NewMarket Press.

Madaras, L. & Madaras, A. (2000). My body, myself: for girls. NY: NewMarket Press. Madaras, L. (2003). Ready, set, grow! A “what’s happening to my body?” Book for younger girls. New York: Newmarket Press.

Marsh, C. S. (1998). Sex stuff for kids: A book of practical information and ideas for kids 7-17. Atlanta: Carole Marsh/Gallopade.

Marsh, C.S. (1991). Sex stuff for Connecticut parents and teachers of kids 7-17. Atlanta: Carole Marsh/Gallopade.

Mayle, P. (1975). “What’s happening to me?” An illustrated guide to puberty. New York: Kensington Publishing Corp.

Mayle, P. (2000). “Where did I come from?” A guide for children and parents. New York: Kensington Publishing Corp.

Mystrom, C. (2007). "Before I was Born (God's Design for Sex). NavPress Publishing Group.

Richardson, J. & Schuster, M.A. (2003). Everything you never wanted your kids to know about sex (but were afraid they’d ask). New York: Crown Publishers.

Roffman, Deborah M. (2001). Sex and sensibility: The thinking parent’s guide to talking sense about sex. New York: Perseus Publishing.

Roffman, Deborah M. (2002). But how’d I get in there in the first place? Talking to your young child about sex. New York: Perseus Publishing.

Royston, A. (1996). Where do babies come from? New York: DK Publishing.

Salz, G. (2008). Amazing you! Getting smart about your private parts. New York: Puffin Press.

Salz, G. (2009). Changing you! A guide to body changes and sexuality. New York: Puffin Press.

Schaefer, V., and N. Bendell. (1998). The care and keeping of you: The body book for girls. Middleton, WI: Pleasant Company Publications.

Schwartz, P. & Cappello, D. (2000). Ten talks parents must have with their children about sex and character. New York: Hyperion.

Stoppard, M. (1997). Sex ed: Growing up, relationships, and sex. New York: DK Publishing.

Vermond, K. (2013). Growing up inside and out. Berkeley, CA: Owlkids Books Inc.

 

 

Problematic Sexual Behavior of Youth

 

Allred, T. & Burns, G. (1999). Stop! Just for kids with sexual touching problems. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Bonner, B. (2009). Taking action: Support for families of adolescents with illegal sexual behavior. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Johnson, T. C. (2014). Helping children with sexual behavior problems—A guidebook for parents and substitute caregivers (4th ed.). South Pasadena, CA: Author.

Johnson, T. C. (2013). Understanding Children’s Sexual Behavior – What’s Natural and Healthy. South Pasadena, CA: Author.

Pithers, W. D., Gray, A. S., Cunningham, C., & Lane, S. (1993). From trauma to understanding: A guide for parents of children with sexual behavior problems. Brandon VT: Safer Society Press

Silovsky, J. (2009). Taking Action: Support for Families of Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

 

Sex Education and Developmental Disabilities

Aston, M. & Attwood, T. (2012). What men with Asperger Syndrome want to know about women, dating, and relationships. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Attwood, S. (2008). Making sense of sex: A forthright guide to puberty, sex, and relationships for people with Asperger's syndrome. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Buron, K. D. (2007). A 5 is against the law! Social boundaries: Straight up! An honest guide for teens and young adults. Shawnee Mission, KS: Autism Asperger Publishing Co.

Couwenhoven, T. (2007). Teaching children with Down Syndrome about their bodies, boundaries, and sexuality. Bethesda, MD: Woodbine House, Inc.

Davies, C & Dubie, M. (2012). Intimate relationships and sexual health: A curriculum for teaching adolescents/adults with high-functioning Autism Spectrum Disorders and other social challenges. Shanee Mission, KS: Autism Asperger Publishing Co.

Dubin, N., Henault, I., Attwodd, T. (2014). The Autism Spectrum, sexuality, and the law: What every parent and professional needs to know. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Hartman, D. & Brangan, K. (2013). Sexuality and relationship education for adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorders: A Professional's Guide to Understanding, Preventing Issues, Supporting Sexuality, and Responding to Inappropriate Behaviors. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Heighway, S. & Webster, S. (2008). S.T.A.R.S.: Skills for assertiveness, relationship-building, and sexual awareness. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons Inc.

Newport, J., Newport, M., & Bolick, T. (2002). Autism- Asperger's & sexuality: Puberty and Beyond. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons Inc.

Nichols, S. (2009). Girls growing up with Autism Spectrum: What parents and professionals should know about the pre-teen and teenage years. London, England: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Wrobel, M. (2003). Taking care of myself: A hygiene, puberty, and personal curriculum for young people with Autism. Arlington, TX: Future Horizons Inc.

Sexual Abuse

 

Aboff, M. (2003). Uncle Willie’s tickles: A child’s right to say no. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Adams, C. & Fay, J. (1992). Helping your child recover from sexual abuse. Vancouver, WA: University of Washington Press.

Barth, A. (2009). Annabelle’s secret: A story about sexual abuse. Ann Arbor: Loving Healing Press.

Brohl, K., and Potter, J. C. (2004). When your child has been molested: A parent’s guide to healing and recovery. Revised edition. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Dolgan, E. (2006). Please knock! Denver: Paros Press.

Farber Strauss, S. (2013). Healing days: A guide for kids who have experienced trauma. Washington, DC: Magination Press.

Hagans, K. B., and Case, J. (1988). When your child has been molested: A parent’s guide to healing and recovery. New York: Lexington Books.

Herrerias, C. (1996). Teen to teen: A personal safety and sexual abuse prevention. Charlotte, NC: Kidsrights Inc.

King, K. (2008). I said no! A kid-to-kid guide to keeping private parts private. Weaverville, CA: Boulden Publishing.

Stauffer, L. (1999). Let’s talk about safety skills for kids. A personal safety activity book for parents and children. Hatfield, PA: Hope for Families, Inc.

Stauffer, L., and E. Deblinger. (1999). Let’s talk about taking care of you! An educational book about body safety. Hatfield, PA: Hope for Families, Inc.

Starishevsky, J. (2014). My body belongs to me: A book about body safety. Minneapolis: Free Spirit Publishing.

Steele, W. (2003). A trauma is like no other experience. Gross Pointe Woods, MI: The National Institute for Trauma and Loss in Children. Steele, W. (1999). What parents need to know: Help for parents of grieving and traumatized children. Gross Pointe Woods, MI: The National Institute for Trauma and Loss in Children.

Steele, W. (1999). You are not alone. Gross Pointe Woods, MI: The National Institute for Trauma and Loss in Children.

 

Bibliography

http://www.ncsby.org/sites/default/files/resources/NCSBYBibliography%201.26.17_0.pdf
Assessment

American Educational Research Association (AERA), American Psychological Association (APA), National Council on Measurement in Education (NCME), (1999). The Standards for Educational and Psychological Testing. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1988). The assessment of adolescent sexual offenders. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology, 19, 177-197.

Chaffin, M. (2006, June 1). Triage decision making guidelines for adolescent sex offenders.

Curwen, T., & Costin, D. (2007). Toward assessing risk for repeated concerning sexual behavior by children with sexual behavior problems: What we know and what we can do with this knowledge. In D. S Prescott (Ed.), Knowledge & practice: Challenges in the treatment and supervision of sexual abusers (pp. 310-344). Oklahoma City, OK: Woods and Barnes.

Elkovitch, N., Viljoen, J. Scalora, M. J., & Ullman, D. (2008). Assessing risk of reoffending in adolescents who have committed a sexual offense: The accuracy of clinical judgments after completion of risk assessment instruments. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 26, 511–528. doi:10.1002/bsl.832

Fanniff, A. M., & Becker, J. V. (2006). Specialized assessment and treatment of adolescent sex offenders. Aggression And Violent Behavior, 11(3), 265-282. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2005.08.003

Fanniff, A. M., & Becker, J. V. (2013). Adolescents adjudicated for sexual offenses. In D. S. Bromberg, W. T. O'Donohue, (Eds.), Handbook of child and adolescent sexuality: Developmental and forensic psychology (pp. 519-546). San Diego, CA, US: Elsevier Academic Press. doi:10.1016/B978-0-12-387759-8.00021-0

Friedrich, W. N. (2002). Psychological assessment of sexually abused children and their families. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Griffin, H. L., Beech, A., Print, B., Bradshaw, H., & Quayle, J.  (2008).  The development and initial testing of the AIM2 framework to assess risk and strengths in young people who sexually offend.  Journal of Sexual Aggression,  14, 211-225.

Grisso, T., & Vincent, G.M. (2005). The empirical limits of forensic mental health assessment. Law and Human Behavior, 29(1), 1-3. doi:10.1007/s10979-005-1396-0

Hanson, R. K., & Howard, P. D. (2010). Individual confidence intervals do not inform decision-makers about the accuracy of risk assessment evaluations. Law and Human Behavior, 34, 275-281. doi:10.1007/s10979-010-9227-3

Hewitt, S.K. (1999). Assessing allegation of sexual abuse in preschool children: Understanding small voices. Interpersonal Violence: The Practice Series. Thousand Oaks, London, New Delhi: Sage

Hunter, J. A., Goodwin, D. W., & Becker, J. V. (1994). The relationship between phallometrically measured deviant sexual arousal and clinical characteristics in juvenile sexual offenders. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 32, 533–538.

Kahn, T. J., & Chambers, H. J. (1991). Assessing reoffense risk with juvenile sexual offenders. Child Welfare, LXX, 333-345.

Lussier, P. & Chouinard Thivierge, S. (in press). A developmental life course view of juvenile sexual offending: Key issues and assumptions. In S. Righthand, S. & W. Murphy (Eds.).The Safer Society Handbook of Assessment and Treatment with Adolescents who have Sexually Offended. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Prentky, R. A., Righthand, S., Lamade, R. (2016). Sexual offending:  Assessment and intervention. In Kirk Heilbrun, Dave DeMatteo, & Naomi Goldstein (Eds.), Handbook of Psychology and Juvenile Justice. Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

Rasmussen, L. A. (1999). Factors related to recidivism among juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11, 69-85.

Rice, M. E., Harris, G. T., Lang, C., Chaplin, T. C., (2012). Adolescents who have sexually offended: Is phallometry valid? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 24, 133-152.

Rich, P. (2009). Juvenile sexual offenders: A comprehensive guide to risk evaluations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Righthand, S., Vincent, G., & Huff, R. (in press).  Assessing risks and needs with adolescents who have sexually offended: Research-based guidelines. In: Sue Righthand & William Murphy (Eds.), The Safer Society Handbook of Assessment and Treatment with Adolescents who have Sexually Offended. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Smith, W., & Monastersky, C. (1986). Assessing juvenile sex offenders’ risk for re-offending. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 13, 115-140.

Vincent, G.M., Guy, L.S. & Grisso, T. (2012, November).  Risk Assessment in Juvenile Justice: A Guidebook for Implementation. Models for Change: System Reform in Juvenile Justice:  John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation.  http://www.modelsforchange.net/publications/346

Worling, J. R., & Langstrom, N. (2006). Risk of sexual recidivism in adolescents who offend sexually: Correlates and assessment. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 219-247). New York: Guilford.

Assessment Measures

Abidin, R.R. (1995). Parenting Stress Index. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

Achenbach, T. M. (1991). Manual for the Child Behavior Checklist/4-18 and 1991 Profile. Burlington, VT: University of Vermont Department of Psychiatry.

Briere, J., Johnson, K., Bissada, A., Damon, L., et al. (2001). The Trauma Symptom Checklist for Young Children (TSCYC): reliability and association with abuse Exposure in a multi-site study. Child Abuse and Neglect, 25, 1001-1014.

Briere, J. (1996). Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children: Professional Manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources, Inc.

Epperson, D. L., Ralston, C. A., Fowers, D., & Dewitt, J. (2006). Development of the Juvenile Sexual Offense Recidivism Risk Assessment Tool-II (JSORRAT-II). In: D. S Prescott (Ed.), Knowledge & practice: Challenges in the treatment and supervision of sexual abusers (pp. 310-344). Oklahoma City, OK: Woods and Barnes.

Fischer, L. & Smith G.M. (1999). Statistical adequacy of the Abel Assessment for Internet in Paraphilias. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 11(3), 195-206.

Forth, A., Kosson, D., & Hare, R. (2003). Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version. Toronto: Multi-Health Systems.

Friedrich, W. N. (1997). Child Sexual Behavior Inventory: Professional manual. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.

Friedrich, W. N., Fisher, J. L., Dittner, C., Acton, R., Berliner, L., Butler, J., et al. (2001). Child Sexual Behavior Inventory: Normative, psychiatric, and sexual abuse comparisons. Child Maltreatment, 6, 37-49.

Friedrich, W.N., Grambsch, P., Damon, L., Hewitt, S.K., Koverola, C., Lang, R.A., Wolfe, V., & Broughton, D. (1992). Child sexual behavior inventory: Normative and clinical comparisons. Psychological Assessment, 4, 303-311.

Friedrich, W.N., Lysne, M., Sim, L., & Shamos, S. (2004). Assessing Sexual Behavior in High-Risk Adolescents with the Adolescent Clinical Sexual Behavior Inventory (ACSBI). Child Maltreatment, 9(3), 239-250. doi:10.1177/1077559504266907

Hecker, J., Scoular, J., Righthand, S., & Nangle, D. (2002, Oct.). Predictive validity of the J- SOAP over 10-plus years: Implications for risk assessment. Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Treatment of Sexual Abusers, Montreal, Quebec, Canada.

Letourneau, E. J. (2002). A comparison of objective measures of sexual arousal and interest: Visual reaction time and penile plethysmography. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 14, 207–223. doi:10.1177/107906320201400302

Martinez, R., Flores, J. & Rosenfeld, B. (2007). Validity of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP-II) in a sample of urban minority youth. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34(10), 1284-1295. doi:10.1177/0093854807301791

Neumann, C. S., Kosson, D. S., Forth, A. E., & Hare, R. D. (2006). Factor structure of the Hare Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version in incarcerated adolescents. Psychological Assessment, 18(2), 142-154. doi:10.1037/1040-3590.18.2.142

Oneal, B. J., Burns, G. L., Kahn, T. J., Rich, P., & Worling, J.R. (2008). Initial psychometric properties of a treatment planning and progress Inventory for adolescents who sexually abuse. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 20(2), 161-187. doi:10.1177/1079063208317465

Prentky, R., Harris, B., Frizzell, K., & Righthand, S. (2000). An actuarial procedure for assessing risk in juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 71–93. doi:10.1177/107906320001200201

Prentky, R., Pimental, A., Cavanaugh, D. J. & Righthand, S. (2009). Predicting risk of sexual recidivism in juveniles: Predictive validity of the J-SOAP-II. In: Anthony R. Beech, Craig, L. A., & Kevin D. Browne, (eds.). Assessment and treatment of sex offenders: A handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Prentky, R. A., & Righthand, S. (2003). Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol–II Manual. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Reynolds, C. & Kamphaus, R. (1992). Behavior Assessment System for Children Manual. Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.

Righthand, S., Knight, R., & Prentky, R. A. (2002, October). A path analytic investigation of proximal antecedents of J-SOAP risk domains. Paper presented at the 21th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, Montreal, Canada.

Righthand, S., Prentky, R., Knight, R., Carpenter, E., Hecker, J. E., & Nangle, D. (2005). Factor structure and validation of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol (J–SOAP). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17, 13–30. doi:10.1177/107906320501700103

Righthand, S., Prentky, R. A., Scoular, R. J., & Teleha, M. (2004). Exploring the predictive validity of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol (J-SOAP). Poster session at the Annual Meeting of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers' 23rd Annual Research and Treatment Conference in Albuquerque, N.M.

Viljoen, J.L., Scalora, M., Cuadra, L., Bader, S., Chavez, V., Ullman, D., Lawrence, L. (2008). Assessing risk of violence in adolescents who have sexually offended: A comparison of the J-SOAP-II, J-SORRAT-II, and SAVRY. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 35(1), 5-23. doi:10.1177/0093854807307521

Wherry, J. N., Berres, Ashley K., Sim, L., & Friedrich, W. N. (2009). Factor structure of the Adolescent Clinical Sexual Behavior Inventory. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 18, 233-246. doi:10.1080/10538710902881428

Worling, J. R., Bookalam, D. & Litteljohn, A., (2012). Prospective validity of the Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Offense Recidivism (ERASOR). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment. doi:10.1177/1079063211407080

Worling, J. R., & Curwen, T. (2001). The “ERASOR:” Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Recidivism (Version 2.0). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Safe-T Program, Thistletown Regional Centre.

Clinical Decision Making

Andrews, D.A., & Bonta, J. (2010). Rehabilitating criminal justice policy and practice. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(1), 39–55.

Chaffin, M. (October, 2002) Triage guidelines for adolescent sex offenders and children with sexual behavior problems. All-day institute presented at Midwest Conference on Child Sexual Abuse, Madison, WI

Righthand, S., Baird, B., Way, I & Seto, M. (in press). Effective Intervention with Adolescents Who Have Offended Sexually:Translating Research into Practice. Brandon Vermont: Safer Society Press.

Developmental Perspective

Burton, D. L. (2000). Were adolescent sexual offenders children with sexual behavior problems? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 37-48.

Chaffin, M., Letourneau, E., & Silovsky, J. F. (2002). Adults, adolescents, and children who sexually abuse children: A developmental perspective. In J. E. B. Myers, L. Berliner, J. Briere, C. Jenny, T. Hendrix, C. Jenny, & T. E. Reid. (Eds.), The APSAC handbook on child maltreatment (2nd ed., pp. 205-232). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

DeLamater, J., & Friedrich, W. (2002). Human sexual development. The Journal of Sex Research, 39(1), 10–14. Doshay, L.J. (1943). The Boy Sex Offender and His Later Career. New York: Grune and Stratton.

Elkovitch, N., Latzman, R., Hansen, D. J., & Flood, M. F. (2009). Understanding child sexual behavior problems: A developmental psychopathology framework. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 586-598.

Gordon, B.N., & Schroder, C.S. (1995). Sexuality: A developmental approach to problems. New York: Plenum Press.

Gray, A., Pithers, W. D., Busconi, A., & Houchens, P. (1999). Developmental and etiological characteristics of children with sexual behavior problems: Treatment implications. Child Abuse & Neglect, 23(6), 601-621.Hembree-Kigin, T. L., & McNeil, C. (1995). Parent-child interaction therapy. New York: Plenum.

Lussier, P. & Chouinard Thivierge, S. (in press). A developmental life course view of juvenile sexual offending: Key issues and assumptions. In S. Righthand, S. & W. Murphy (Eds.).The Safer Society Handbook of Assessment and Treatment with Adolescents who have Sexually Offended. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Silovsky, J.F., & Swisher, L. M. (2008). Sexual development and sexual behavior problems. pp. 805-824. In M. L. Wolraich, P. Dworkin, D. Drotar, & Perrin, E. (Eds.) Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: Evidence and Practice. Philadelphia: Elsevier.

Ethical Practice
Domains of Assessment

Abel, G. G., Jordan, A., Rouleau, J. L., Emerick, R., Barboza-Whitehead, S., & Osborn, C. (2004). Use of visual reaction time to assess male adolescents who molest children. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, 16, 255-265.

American Educational Research Association, American Psychological Association, National Council on Measurement in Education, (1999). The standards for educational and psychological testing. Washington, DC: American Educational Research Association.

Andrews, D. A., & Bonta, J. (2010). The psychology of criminal conduct (5th ed.). New Providence, NJ: LexisNexis.

Bourke, M. L., & Donohue, B. (1996). Assessment and treatment of juvenile sex offenders: An empirical review. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 5(1), 47-70.

Caldwell, M. F. (2009). Study characteristics and recidivism base rates in juvenile sex offender recidivism. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 54, 197-212. doi:10.1177/0306624X08330016

Caldwell, M. F., Ziemke, M. H., Vitacco, M. J. (2008). An examination of the sex offender registration and notification act as applied to juveniles: Evaluating the ability to predict sexual recidivism. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law 14, 89–114. doi:10.1037/a0013241

Chaffin, M. (2008). Our minds are made up—don’t confuse us with the facts: Commentary on policies concerning children with sexual behavior problems and juvenile sex offenders. Child Maltreatment, 13(2), 110-121. doi:10.1177/1077559508314510

Chaffin, M. (2011). The case of juvenile polygraphy as a clinical ethics dilemma. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 23, 314-328. doi:10.1177/1079063210382046

Clift, R. J. W., Rajlic, G., & Gretton, H. M., (2009). Discriminative and predictive validity of the penile plethysmograph in adolescent sex offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21(3), 335-362. doi:10.1177/1079063209338491

Cross, T. P., & Saxe, L. (2001). Polygraph testing and sexual abuse: The lure of the magic lasso. Child Maltreatment, 6, 195–206. doi:10.1177/1077559501006003001

Fanniff, A. M., & Becker, J. V. (2006). Specialized assessment and treatment of adolescent sex offenders. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 11, 265–282. doi:10.1016/j.avb.2005.08.003

Hanson, R. K., Bourgon G., Helmus L., & Hodgson S. (2009). The principles of effective correctional treatment also apply to sexual offenders: A meta-analysis. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 36, 865 - 891. doi:10.1177/0093854809338545

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 1154-1163. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.73.6.1154

Hawkins, J. D., Herrenkohl, T. I., Farrington, D. P., Brewer, D., Catalano R. F.; Harachi, T. W., & Cothern, L. (1998). A review of predictors of youth violence. In R. Loeber & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Serious & violent juvenile offender: Risk factors and successful interventions (pp. 106-146). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Jones, C. D., Chancey, R., Lowe, L. A., Risler, E. A. (2010). Residential treatment for sexually abusive youth: An assessment of treatment outcomes. Research on Social Work Practice, 20(2), 172-182. doi: 10.1177/1049731509333349

Lipsey, M. W. (1995). What do we learn from 400 research studies on the effectiveness of treatment with juvenile delinquents? In J. McGuire (Ed.). What works? Reducing reoffending, (pp. 63-78). New York, NY: John Wiley.

Lipsey, M. W. (1999). Can intervention rehabilitate serious delinquents? The Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 564, 142-166.

Lipsey, M. W. (2009). The primary factors that characterize effective interventions with juvenile offenders: A meta-analytical overview. Victims & Offenders, 4, 124-147. doi:10.1080/15564880802612573

Lipsey, M. W., & Derzon, J. H. (1998). Predictors of violence and serious delinquency in adolescence and serious adulthood: A synthesis of longitudinal research. In R. Loeber & D. P. Farrington (Eds.), Serious & violent juvenile offender: Risk factors and successful interventions (pp. 86-105). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.

Luthar, S.S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71, 543–562.

Marlowe, D. B., Festinger, D. S., Lee, P. A., Dugosh, K. L., & Benasutti, K. M. (2006). Matching judicial supervision to clients’ risk status in drug court. Crime & Delinquency, 52, 52-76. doi:10.1177/0011128705281746

Martinez, R., Flores, J., & Rosenfeld, B. (2007). Validity of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol II (J-SOAP-II) in a sample of urban minority youth. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 34, 1284-1295. doi:10.1177/0093854807301791

McGrath, R. J., Cumming, G. F., & Burchard, B. L., Zeoli, S., & Ellerby, L. (2010). Current practices and trends in sexual abuser management: The Safer Society 2009 nationwide survey. Brandon, VT: Safer Society.

McGrath, R. J., Cumming, G. F., Hoke, S. E., & Bonn-Miller, M. O. (2007). Outcomes in a community sex offender treatment program: a comparison between polygraphed and matched non-polygraphed offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 19, 381-393. doi:10.1007/s11194-007-9058-z

Meijer, E. H., Verschuere, B., Merckelback, H. L. &. Crombez, G. (2008). Sex offender management using the polygraph: A critical review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31, 423-9. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.08.007

National Research Council (2003). The polygraph and lie detection. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

Parks, G. A. & Bard, D. E. (2006). Risk factors for adolescent sex offender recidivism: Evaluation of predictive factors and comparison of three groups based upon victim type. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 18, 319-342. doi:10.1177/107906320601800402

Pealer, J. A., & Latessa, E. (2004). Applying the principles of effective intervention to juvenile correctional programs. Corrections Today, 26-29.

The polygraph and lie detection. (2003). Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press. Retrieved from http://www.nap.edu/openbook.php?isbn=0309084369

Powers-Sawyer, A., & Miner, M. (2009). Actuarial prediction of juvenile recidivism: the static variables of the Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol-II (J-SOAP-II). Sexual Offender Treatment, 4(2), 1-11.

Prentky, R. A., & Righthand, S. (2003). Juvenile Sex Offender Assessment Protocol–II Manual. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Department of Justice, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Prentky, R., Li, N., Righthand, S., Schuler, A., Cavanaugh, D. J., Lee, A. (2010). Assessing Risk of Sexually Abusive Behavior Among Youth in a Child Welfare Sample. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28,, 24-45.

Rajlic, G., & Gretton, H. M. (2010). An examination of two sexual recidivism risk measures in adolescent offenders: The moderating effect of offender type. Criminal Justice & Behavior, 37, 1066-1085. doi:10.1177/0093854810376354

Rich, P. (2009). Juvenile sexual offenders: A comprehensive guide to risk evaluations. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley and Sons.

Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2001). Youths who have sexually offended. A review of the professional literature. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2004). Characteristics of youth who sexually offend. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 13, 15-32.

Righthand, S., Vincent, G., & Huff, R. (in press).  Assessing risks and needs with adolescents who have sexually offended: Research-based guidelines. In: Sue Righthand & William Murphy (Eds.), The Safer Society Handbook of Assessment and Treatment with Adolescents who have Sexually Offended. Brandon, VT: Safer Society Press.

Schram, D. D., Milloy, C. D., & Rowe, W. E. (1991). Juvenile sex offenders: A follow up study of reoffense behavior. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Urban Policy Research and Cambie Group International.

Vitacco M. J., Caldwell, M., Ryba, N. L., & Malesky, A (2009). Assessing risk in adolescent sexual offenders: Recommendations for clinical practice. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 27, 929–940. doi:10.1002/bsl.909

Worling, J. R. (2006). Assessing sexual arousal with adolescent males who have offended sexually: Self-report and unobtrusively measured viewing time. Sex Abuse, 18, 383-400. doi:10.1177/107906320601800406

Worling, J. R., & Curwen, T. (2001). The “ERASOR:” Estimate of Risk of Adolescent Sexual Recidivism (Version 2.0). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Safe-T Program, Thistletown Regional Centre.

Worling, J. R., & Langstrom, N. (2006). Risk of sexual recidivism in adolescents who offend sexually: Correlates and assessment. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 219-247). New York: Guilford.

Girls with Problematic Sexual Behaviors

Bumby, K. M., Halstenson, N., & Bumby, N. H. (1997). Adolescent female sexual offenders. In B. K. Schwartz & H. R. Cellini (Eds.), The Sex Offender: New Insights, Treatment, Innovations, & Legal Developments (Vol. 2, pp. 10.1-10.16). Kingston, NJ: Civic Research Institute.

Cosentino, C.E., Meyer-Bahlburg, H.F.L., Alpert, J.L., Weinberg, S.L., et al. (1995). Sexual behavior problems and psychopathology symptoms in sexually abused girls. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 34, 1033-1042.

Gannon, T.A., & Cortoni, F. (Eds.). (2010). Female Sexual Offenders: Theory, Assessment and Treatment. Chichester: Chichester, Angleterre: Wiley-Blackwell.

Fehrenbach, P. A., & Monastersky, C. (1988). Characteristics of female adolescent sexual offenders. American Journal of Orthopsychiatry, 58, 148-151.

Hunter, J. A., Lexier, L. J., Goodwin, D. W., & Browne, P. A. (1993). Psychosocial, attitudinal, and developmental characteristics of adolescent female sexual perpetrators in a residential setting. Journal of Child & Family Studies, 2, 317-326.

Johnson, T. C. (1989). Female child perpetrators: Children who molest other children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 13, 571-585.

Kubik, E. K., Hecker, J. E., & Righthand, S. (2003). Adolescent females who have sexually offended: A comparison with adolescent males who have sexually offended. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 11(3), 63-84.

Kubik, E. K., Hecker, J. E., (2005). Cognitive distortions about sex and sexual offending: a comparison of sex offending girls, delinquent girls, and girls from the community. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 14(4), 43-69.

Lane, S. (1997). Special populations: Children, females, the developmentally disabled, and violent youth. In G. Ryan & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending: Causes, consequences, and correction (Rev. ed., pp. 322-359). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Mathews, R., Hunter, Jr., J. A., & Vuz, J. (1997). Juvenile female sexual offenders: Clinical characteristics and treatment issues. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 9(3), 187-200.

Ray, J. A., & English, D. J. (1995). Comparison of female and male children with sexual behavior problems. Journal of Youth and Adolescents, 24(4), 439-451.

Roe-Sepowitz, D.E., & Krysik, J. (2008) Examining the sexual offenses of female juveniles: The relevance of childhood maltreatment. The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Mental Health and Social Justice, 78, 405-412. doi:10.1037/a0014310

Sandler, J. C., & Freeman, N. J. (2009). Female sex offender recidivism: A large-scale empirical analysis sexual abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21, 455–473. doi:10.1177/1079063209347898

Schmidt, S.R. (2008). Adolescent girls with illegal sexual behavior. American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. Special issue on Adolescent Illegal Sexual Behavior (AISB), 20 (2), 12-13.

Schwartz, B. K., Cavanaugh, D., Pimental, A., Prentky, R. (2006). Descriptive study of precursors to sex offending among 813 boys and girls: Antecedent life experiences. Victims & Offenders, 1, 61-77. doi:10.1080/15564880500498986

Vandiver, D. M. (2006). A prospective analysis of juvenile male sex offenders: Characteristics and recidivism rates as adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21, 673-688. doi:10.1177/0886260506287113

How do Youth Develop Problematic Sexual Behaviors?

Burton, D. L. (2003). The relationship between the sexual victimization of and the subsequent sexual abuse by male adolescents. Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal, 20, 277-296. doi:10.1023/A:1024556909087

Burton, D. (2008). An exploratory evaluation of the contribution of personality and childhood sexual victimization to the development of sexually abusive behavior. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research & Treatment, 20(1), 102-115. doi:10.1177/1079063208315352

Casey, E.A., Beadnell, B., Lindhorst, T.P. (2009). Predictors of Sexually Coercive Behavior in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescent Males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(7), 1129-1147. doi:10.1177/0886260508322198

Chaffin, M., Berliner, L., Block, R., Johnson, T. C., Friedrich, W., Louis, D., Lyon, T. D., Page, J., Prescott, D., & Silovsky, J.F. (2008). Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers Task Force Report on Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Child Maltreatment, 13, 199-218. doi:10.1177/1077559507306718

Elkovitch, N., Latzman, R., Hansen, D. J., & Flood, M. F. (2009). Understanding child sexual behavior problems: A developmental psychopathology framework. Clinical Psychology Review, 29, 586-598.

Friedrich, W. N. (1993). Sexual victimization and sexual behavior in children: A review of recent literature. Child Abuse and Neglect, 17, 59-66.

Friedrich, W.N. (2007). Children with sexual behavior problems: Family-based, attachment-focused therapy. NYC: Norton.

Hummel, P., Thomke, V., Oldenburger, H. A., & Specht, F. (2000). Males adolescent sex offenders against children: Similarities and differences between those offenders with and those without a history of sexual abuse. Journal of Adolescence, 23, 305-317. doi:10.1006/jado.2000.0316

Hunter, J. A., Gilbertson, S. A., Vedros, D., & Morton, M. (2004). Strengthening community-based programming for juvenile sex offenders: Key concepts and paradigm shifts. Child Maltreatment, 9, 177-189. doi:10.1177/1077559504264261

Johnson, T. C. (2002). Some considerations about sexual abuse and children with sexual behavior problems. Trauma and Sexuality, 3, 83-105.

Knight, R. A., & Prentky, R. A. (1993). Exploring characteristics for classifying juvenile sex offenders. In H. E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender, (pp. 45-83). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

McNichol, S., & McGregor, K.J. (1999). Exploring the link between sexualized behaviour and sexual abuse in a clinical setting. Child Abuse Review, 8, 339-348.

Merrick, M., Litrownik, A., Everson, M., & Cox, C. (2008) Beyond sexual abuse: The impact of other maltreatment experiences on sexualized behaviors. Child Maltreatment, 13, 122- 132.

Rasmussen, L.A., Burton, J.E., & Christopherson, B.J. (1992). Precursors to offending and the trauma outcome process in sexually reactive children. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 1, 33-48.

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Incidence and Prevalence of Sexual Behaviors

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Intervention

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Marques, J. K., Wiederanders, M., Day, D. M., Nelson, C., & van Ommeren, A. (2005). Effects of a relapse prevention program on sexual recidivism: Final results from California’s Sex Offender Treatment and Evaluation Project (SOTEP). Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17, 79-107. doi:10.1177/107906320501700108

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Righthand, S., Baird, B., Way, I & Seto, M. (in press). Effective Intervention with Adolescents Who Have Offended Sexually: Translating Research into Practice. Brandon Vermont: Safer Society Press.

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Yates, P. M. (2009). Is sexual offender denial related to sex offence risk and recidivism? A review and treatment implications Psychology, Crime & Law, 15 (2 & 3), 183-199. doi:10.1080/10683160802190905

Public Policy

Andrews, D.A., & Bonta, J. (2010). Rehabilitating criminal justice policy and practice. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 16(1), 39–55

Aos, S., M. Miller, & E. Drake. (2006). Evidence-Based Public Policy Options to Reduce Future Prison Construction, Criminal Justice Costs, and Crime Rates. Olympia: Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Document No. 06-10-1201. doi:10.1080/15564880802612615

Batastini, A. B., Hunt, E., Present-Koller, J., & DeMatteo, D. (2011). Federal standards for community registration of juvenile sex offenders: An evaluation of risk prediction and future implications. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 17, 451-474.

Caldwell, M. F., & Dickinson, C. (2009). Sex offender registration and recidivism risk in juvenile sexual offenders. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 27, 941-956.

Caldwell, M. F. & Van Rybroek, G. (2005) Reducing violence in serious and violent juvenile offenders using an intensive treatment program. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 28, 622 – 636.

Chaffin, M. (2008). Our minds are made up—don’t confuse us with the facts: Commentary on policies concerning children with sexual behavior problems and juvenile sex offenders. Child Maltreatment, 13(2), 110-121

Chaffin, M., & Bonner, B. (1998). Don’t shoot, we’re your children: Have we gone too far in our response to adolescent sexual abusers and children with sexual behavior problems? Child Maltreatment, 3, 314-316.

Cross, T. P., & Saxe, L. (2001). Polygraph testing and sexual abuse: The lure of the magic lasso. Child Maltreatment, 6, 195–206. doi:10.1177/1077559501006003001

Harris, A. J., Walfield, S., Shields, R. T., & Letourneau, E. J. (in press). Collateral consequences of juvenile sex offender registration and notification: Results from a survey of treatment providers. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment.

Hunter, J. A., Gilbertson, S. A., Vedros, D., & Morton, M. (2004). Strengthening community-based programming for juvenile sex offenders: Key concepts and paradigm shifts. Child Maltreatment, 9, 177-189. doi:10.1177/1077559504264261

Juvenile Law Center. (n.d.). Current initiatives. Retrieved July 29, 2014, from http://www.jlc.org/current-initiatives/improving-outcomes-court-involved....

Letourneau E. J., Armstrong, K.S. (2008). Recidivism rates for registered and nonregistered juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 20(4), 393-408.

Letourneau, E.J., Armstrong, K.S., Bandyopadhyay, D., & Sinha, D. (2013). Sex offender registration and notification policy increases juvenile plea bargins. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, 25, 189-207.

Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Armstrong, K. S., & Sinha, D. (2010). Do sex offender registration and notification requirements deter juvenile sex crimes? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 553-569.

Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Armstrong, K. S., & Sinha, D. (2010). Do sex offender registration and notification requirements deter juvenile sex crimes? Criminal Justice and Behavior, 37, 553-569.

Letourneau E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Sinha, D., & Armstrong, K.S. (2009). The Influence of Sex Offender Registration on Juvenile Sexual Recidivism Criminal Justice Policy Review , 20(2), 136-153. doi: 10.1177/0887403408327917

Letourneau, E. J., Bandyopadhyay, D., Sinha, D., & Armstrong, K. S. (2009b). The effects of sex offender registration policies on juvenile justice decision making. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21, 149-165.

Letourneau, E. J., & Caldwell, M. F. (2013). Expensive, harmful policies that don’t work or how juvenile sexual offending is addressed in the U.S. International Journal of Behavioral Consultation and Therapy, 8, 25-31.

Letourneau, E. J., Caldwell, M. F., & Shields, R.T. (2016). Comments on the supplemental guidelines for juvenile registration under the Sex Offender Registration and Notification Act; Docket no. OAG 151; AG Order No. 3659-2016.

Letourneau, E. J., Harris, A., J., Shields, R. T., Walfield, S., & Kahn, G. (2016). Death and destruction: The effects of sex offender registration on youth. Unpublished manuscript.

Letourneau, E. J., & Miner, M. H. (2005). Juvenile sex offenders:  A case against the legal and clinical status quo. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 17, 313-331.

McPhatter, A.R. (1997). Cultural competence in child welfare: What is it? How do we achieve it? What happens without it?. Child Welfare, 76(1) 255-278.

Meijer, E. H., Berschuere, B., Merckelback, H. L. G. J., &. Crombez, G. (2008). Sex offender management using the polygraph: A critical review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 31(5), 423-9. doi:10.1016/j.ijlp.2008.08.007

National Research Council (2003). The polygraph and lie detection. Washington, D.C.: National Academies Press.

ParentFurther. (n.d.). Retrieved July 29, 2014, from http://www.parentfurther.com/

Pithers, W. D., & Gray, A. (1998). The other half of the story: Children with sexual behavior problems. Psychology, Public Policy, and the Law, 4(1/2), 200-217

Pittman, N. (2013). Raised on the Registry: The Irreparable harm of placing children on the sex offender registry in the US. Human Rights Watch.

Pittman, N. & Nugent, Q. (2011). A snapshot of juvenile sex offender: Registration and notification laws A Survey of the United States. Defender Association of Philadelphia.

Rinehart, J. K., Armstrong, K. S., Shields, R. T., & Letourneau, E. J. (in press). The effects of transfer laws on youth with violent offenses. Criminal Justice and Behavior.

Scott, E., & Grisso, T. (1997). The evolution of adolescence: A developmental perspective on juvenile justice reform. Journal of Criminal Law and Criminology, 88, 137-189.

SORNA. (n.d.). Office of Sex Offender Sentencing, Monitoring, Apprehending, Registering, and Tracking. Retrieved from http://ojp.gov/smart/sorna.htm

Trivits, L. C., & Repucci, N. D. (2002). Application of Megan’s Law to juveniles. American Psychologist, 57, 690-704. doi:10.1037/0003-066X.57.9.690

Recidivism

Aebi, M., Plattner, B., Steinhausen, H., & Bessler, C. (2011). Predicting sexual and nonsexual recidivism in a consecutive sample of juveniles convicted of sexual offenses. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 23, 456-473. doi:10.1177/1079063210384634

Ageton, S. S. (1983). Sexual assault among adolescents. Lexington, MA: Lexington

Borowsky, I. W., Hogan, M., Ireland, M. (1997). Adolescent sexual aggression: Risk and protective factors. Pediatrics, 100(6).

Carpentier, J., & Proulx, J. (2011). Correlates of recidivism among adolescents who have sexually offended. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 23, 434-455. doi:10.1177/1079063211409950

Caldwell, M. F. (2002). What we do not know about juvenile sexual reoffense risk. Child Maltreatment, 7, 291–302. doi:10.1177/107755902237260

Caldwell, M. F. (2007). Sexual offense adjudication and sexual recidivism among juvenile offenders. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research & Treatment, 19, 107-113. doi:10.1177/107906320701900203

Caldwell, M. F. (2010). Study characteristics and recidivism base rates in juvenile sex offender recidivism. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology 54(2), 197-212.

Caldwell, M. F. (2016, July 18). Quantifying the decline in juvenile sexual recidivism rates. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 22(4), 414-426. doi: 10.1037/law0000094

Carpentier, M., Silovsky, J.F. & Chaffin, M. (2006). Randomized trial of treatment for children with sexual behavior problems: Ten year follow-up. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 74(3), 482-488. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.74.3.482

Casey, E.A., Beadnell, B., Lindhorst, T.P. (2009). Predictors of Sexually Coercive Behavior in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adolescent Males. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 24(7), 1129-1147. doi:10.1177/0886260508322198

Daversa, M.T., & Knight, R.A. (2007). A structural examination of the predictors of sexual coercion against children in adolescent sexual offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 3(10), 1313-1333. doi:10.1177/0093854807302411

Doshay, L.J. (1943). The Boy Sex Offender and His Later Career. New York: Grune and Stratton.

Gerhold, C.K., Browne, K.D., & Beckett, R. (2007). Predicting recidivism in adolescent sexual offenders. Aggression and Violent Behavior, 12(4), 427-438.

Gretton, H. M., McBride, M., Hare, R. D., O’Shaughnessy, R., & Kumka, G. (2001). Psychopathy and recidivism in adolescent sex offenders. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 28, 427-499. doi:10.1177/009385480102800403

Hagan, & Gust-Brey (2000). A ten-year longitudinal study of adolescent perpetrators of sexual assault against children. Journal of Offender Rehabilitation, 31(1/2), 117-126.

Hanson, R. K., & Bussiere, M. T. (1998). Predicting relapse: A meta-analysis of sexual offender recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 66, 348-362.

Hanson, & Harris. (2000). Where should we intervene? Dynamic predictors of sex offenses recidivism. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 27, 6-35. doi:10.1177/0093854800027001002

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73(6), 1154-1163. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.73.6.1154

Kenny, D. T., Keogh, T. & Seidler, K. (2001). Predictors of recidivism in Australian juvenile sex offenders: Implications for treatment. Sexual Abuse: Journal of Research and Treatment, 13, 131-148. doi:10.1177/107906320101300206

Långström, N. (2002). Long-term follow-up of criminal recidivism in young sex offenders: Temporal patterns and risk factors. Psychology, Crime and Law, 8, 41-58. doi:10.1080/10683160208401808

Långström, N., & Grann, M. (2000). Risk for criminal recidivism among young sex offenders. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 15, 855-871. doi:10.1177/088626000015008005

Letourneau, E., Chapman, J. & Schoenwald, S. (2008). Treatment outcome and future offending by youth with sexual behavior problems. Child Maltreatment.

Maine Department of Corrections. (2004, October). Juvenile Recidivism Report 1998 – 2001. Portland, Maine: Maine Statistical Analysis Center: http://muskie.usm.maine.edu/justiceresearch

McCann, K., & Lussier, P. (2008). Antisocial, Sexual Deviance and Sexual Recidivism in Juvenile Sexual offenders. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 6(4), 363-385. doi:10.1177/1541204008320260

Miner, M.H. (2002). Factors associated with recidivism in juveniles: An analysis of serious juvenile sex offenders. Journal of Research in Crime and Delinquency, 39, 421-436. doi:10.1177/002242702237287

Nisbet, I. A., Wilson, P. H. & Smallbone, S. W. (2004). A prospective longitudinal study of sexual recidivism among adolescent sex offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 16, 223-234. doi:10.1177/107906320401600304

Parks, G.A. & Bard, D. E. (2006). Risk factors for adolescent sex offender recidivism: Evaluation of predictive factors and comparison of three groups based upon victim type. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 18(4), 319-342. doi:10.1177/107906320601800402

Prentky, R., Harris, B., Frizzell, K., & Righthand, S. (2000). An actuarial procedure for assessing risk in juvenile sexual offenders. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 12, 71–93. doi:10.1177/107906320001200201

Prentky, R.A., Li, N-C., Righthand, S., Schuler, A., Cavanaugh, D., & Lee, A.F. (2010). Assessing risk of sexually abusive behavior among youth in a child welfare sample. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 24-45. doi:10.1002/bsl.920

Reitzel, L.R., & Reitzel, L.R. (2006). The effectiveness of sexual offender treatment for juveniles as measured by recidivism: A meta-analysis. Sexual Abuse, 18, 401-421. doi:10.1177/107906320601800407

Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2001). Youths who have sexually offended. A review of the professional literature. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Sandler, J. C., & Freeman, N. J. (2009). Female sex offender recidivism: A large-scale empirical analysis sexual abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 21, 455–473. doi:10.1177/1079063209347898

Schram, D. D., Milloy, C. D., & Rowe, W. E. (1991). Juvenile sex offenders: A follow up study of reoffense behavior. Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Urban Policy Research and Cambie Group International.

Sipe, R., Jensen, E. L., & Everett, R. S. (1998). Adolescent sexual offenders grown up: Recidivism in young adulthood. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 25(1), 109-124. doi:10.1177/0093854898025001007

Vandiver, D.M. (2006). A prospective analysis of juvenile male sex offenders: Characteristics and recidivism rates as adults. Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 21(5), 673-688. doi:10.1177/0886260506287113

Waite, D. Keller, A., McGarvey, E.L., Wieckowski, E., Pinkerton, R., & Brown, G.L. (2005). Juvenile Sex Offender Re-Arrest Rates for Sexual, Violent Nonsexual and Property Crimes: A 10-Year Follow-Up. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, Vol. 17(3), 313-331. doi: 10.1177/107906320501700305

Walker, D.F., McGovern, S.K., Poey, E.L., & Otis, K.E. (2004). Treatment effectiveness for male adolescent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis and review. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 13, 281-294.

Worling, J. R., & Curwen, T. (2001). Estimate of risk of adolescent sexual offense recidivism (ERASOR; Version 2.0). Juveniles and children who sexually abuse: Frameworks for assessment, 372-397.

Worling, J. R., & Långström, N. (2003). Assessment of criminal recidivism risk with adolescents who have offended sexually: A review. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 4(4), 341-362.

Worling, J. R., & Långström, N. (2006). Risk of sexual recidivism in adolescents who offend sexually: Correlates and assessment. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 219-247). New York: Guilford.

Worling, J. R., Litteljohn, A., & Bookalam, D. (2010). 20-Year Prospective Follow-Up Study of Specialized Treatment for Adolescents Who Offended. Behavioral Sciences and the Law, 28, 46-57. doi:10.1002/bsl.912

Zimring, F., Jennings, W. G., Piquero, A., & Hays, S. (2009). Investigating the continuity of sex offending: Evidence from the second Philadelphia birth cohort. Justice Quarterly, 26, 58-76. doi:10.1111/j.1745-9133.2007.00451.x

Risks and Protective Factors

Cicchetti, D. (2010). Resilience under conditions of extreme stress: a multilevel perspective.  World Psychiatry, 9(3), 145-154.

Gilgun, J. (2006). Children and adolescents with problematic sexual behaviors: Lessons from research on resilience. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems (pp. 383-394). Holyoke, MA: NEARI.

Hanson, R. K., & Morton-Bourgon, K. (2005). The characteristics of persistent sexual offenders: A meta-analysis of recidivism studies. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 73, 1154-1163. doi:10.1037/0022-006X.73.6.1154

Heilbrun, K., Lee, R. J., Cottle, C. C (2005). Risk factors and intervention outcomes: Meta-analyses of juvenile offending. In: K. Heilbrun, N.E.S. Goldstein, & R.E. Redding, Juvenile delinquency: Prevention, assessment, & intervention, (pp. 111-133). New York: Oxford University Press, Inc.

Henggeler S. W., Letourneau, E. J., Chapman, J. E., Borduin, C. M., Schewe, P.A., & McCart, M. R. (2009). Mediators of change for multisystemic therapy with juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 77, 451-62. doi:10.1037/a0013971

Hunter, J. A., Figueredo, A. J., Malamuth, N. M., & Becker, J. V. (2003). Juvenile sex offenders: Toward the development of a typology. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 15, 27-48. doi:10.1023/A:1020663723593

Kahn, T. J., & Chambers, H. J. (1991). Assessing reoffense risk with juvenile sexual offenders. Child Welfare, LXX, 333-345.

Knight, R. A., & Prentky, R. A. (1993). Exploring characteristics for classifying juvenile sex offenders. In H. E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M. Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender, (pp. 45-83). New York, NY: Guilford Press.

Luthar, S.S., Cicchetti, D., & Becker, B. (2000). The construct of resilience: A critical evaluation and guidelines for future work. Child Development, 71, 543–562.

McCann, K., & Lussier, P. (2008). Antisocial, sexual deviance and sexual recidivism in juvenile sexual offenders. Youth Violence and Juvenile Justice, 6, 363-385. doi:10.1177/1541204008320260

Schram, D. D., Milloy, C. D., & Rowe, W. E. (1991). Juvenile sex offenders: A follow up study of reoffense behavior. Olympia, WA: Washington State Institute for Public Policy, Urban Policy Research and Cambie Group International.

Seto, M. C., Kjellgren, C., Priebe, G., Bossige, S., Svedin, C. G., & Langstrom, N. (2010). Sexual victimization and sexually coercive behavior: A population study of Swedish and Norwegian male yough. Child Maltreatment, 15, 219-228. DOI: 10.1177/1077559510367937

Seto, M., & Lalumiere, M.L. (2010). What is so special about male adolescent sexual offending? A review and test of explanations throguh meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 136. 526-575. DOI: 10.1037/a0019700

Worling, J. R., & Langstrom, N. (2006). Risk of sexual recidivism in adolescents who offend sexually: Correlates and assessment. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 219-247). New York: Guilford.

Schools
Sexual Development

Bonner, B.L. (1999). When does sexual play suggest a problem? In H. Dubowitz and D. Depanfilis (Eds.), Handbook of child protection practice. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

DeLamater, J., & Friedrich, W. (2002). Human sexual development. The Journal of Sex Research, 39, 10–14. doi:10.1080/00224490209552113

Frayser, S. (2003). Cultural dimensions of childhood sexuality in United States. In J. Bancroft (ed.). Sexual development in childhood. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Friedrich, W.N., Fisher, J., Broughton, D., Houston, M., & Shafran, C. (1998). Normative sexual behavior in children: A contemporary sample. Pediatrics, 101, 1-8.

Friedrich, W.N., Fisher, J.L., Dittner, C., Acton, R., Berliner, L., Butler, J., Damon, L., Davies, W. H., Gray, A., & Wright, J. (2001). Child Sexual Behavior Inventory: Normative, psychiatric, and sexual abuse comparisons. Child Maltreatment. 6(1), 37-49.

Friedrich, W. N., Grambsch, P., Broughton, D., Kuiper, J., & Beilke, R.L. (1991). Normative sexual behavior in children. Pediatrics, 88, 456-464.

Friedrich, W.N., Grambsch, P., Damon, L., Hewitt, S.K., Koverola, C., Lang, R.A., Wolfe, V., & Broughton, D. (1992). Child sexual behavior inventory: normative and clinical comparisons. Psychological Assessment, 4, 303-311.

Friedrich, W. N., Sandfort, T. G., Oostveen, J., & Cohen-Kettenis, P. T. (2000). Cultural differences in sexual behavior: 2-6 year old Dutch and American children. Journal of Psychology & Human Sexuality, 12, 117-129.

Friedrich, W. N., & Trane, S T. (2002). Sexual behavior in children across multiple settings. Child Abuse & Neglect. 26(3), 243-245.

Friedrich, W. N., Whiteside, S.P., & Talley, N.J. (2004). Noncoersive sexual contact with similarly aged individuals, what is the impact? Journal of Interpersonal Violence, 19, 1070-1084.

Gökengin, D., Yamazhan, T., Özkaya, D., Aytuğ, S., Ertem, E., Arda, B., & Serter, D. (2003). Sexual knowledge, attitudes, and risk behaviors of students in Turkey. Journal of School Health, 73, 258-263.

Gordon, B.N., Schoeder, C.S., & Abrams, M. (1990). Age and social-class differences in children's knowledge of sexuality. Journal of Clinical Child Psychology, 19, 33-43.

Hyde, J., & DeLamater, J. (1997). Understanding human sexuality (6th ed.). New York: McGraw-Hill.

Johnson, T. C., & Aoki, W.T. (1993). Sexual behaviors of latency age children in residential treatment. Sexual Abuse and Residential Treatment, 11, 1-22

Kellogg, N. D. (2009). Clinical report: The evaluation of sexual behaviors in children. Pediatrics, 124, 992-998.

Lamb, S., & Coakley, M. (1993). “Normal” childhood sexual play and games: Differentiating play from abuse. Child Abuse & Neglect, 17, 515-526.

Larsson, I. & Svedin, C. G. (2001). Sexual behaviour in Swedish preschool children, as observed by their parents. Acta Paediatrica, 90, 436-333.

Larsson, I., Svedin, C. G. & Friedrich, W. N. (2000). Differences and similarities in sexual behaviour among pre-schoolers in Sweden and USA. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry, 54, 251-257.

Linblad, F. (1995). Preschoolers' sexual behavior and daycare centers: An epidemiological study. Child and Family Social Work, 19, 569-577.

Martinson, F. (1997). Sexual development in infancy and childhood. In G. Ryan & S. Lane (Eds.), Juvenile sexual offending: Causes, consequences, and correction (Rev. ed., pp. 36-58). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Peltzer, K., & Likwa, R. (1991). Attitude towards sexual behaviour and sex education among primary school children in Lusaka, Zambia. Journal of Psychology in Africa, 1, 65-71.

Rutter, M. (1971). Normal psychosexual development. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 11, 259-283.

Ryan, G. (1990). Sexual behavior in childhood: Normal and deviant. In J. McNamara and B. McNamara (Eds.). Adoption and Childhood Sexual Abuse.

Sandfort, T. G. M., & Cohen-Kettenis, P. T. (2000). Sexual behavior in Dutch and Belgian children as observed by their mother. Journal of Psychology and Human Sexuality, 12, 105-115.

Sandnabba, N.K., Santtila, P., Wannas, M., &Krook, K. (2003). Age and gender specific behaviors in children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 27, 579-605.

Santtila, P., Sandnabba, N.K., Wannas, M., & Krook, K. (2005). Multivariate structure of sexual behaviors in children: Associations with age, social competence, life stressors and behavioral disorders. Early Child Development and Care, 175, 3-­21.

Shoveller, J. A., Johnson, J., Langille, D., & Mitchell, T. (2004). Socio-cultural influences on young people’s sexual development. Social Science & Medicine, 59, 473-487.

Thigpen, J. W., Pinkston, E. M., & Mayefsky, J. (2003). Normative sexual behavior of African American children: Preliminary finding. In J. Bancroft (ed.). Sexual development in childhood. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.

Zimmer-Gembeck M.J. & Helfand , M. (2008). Ten years of longitudinal research on U.S. adolescent sexual behavior: Developmental correlates of sexual intercourse, and the importance of age, gender and ethnic background. Developmental Review 28, 153–224.

 

Special Populations and Developmental Delays

Adams, J., McClellan, J., Douglass, D., McCurry, C., & Storck, M. (1995). Sexually inappropriate behaviors in seriously mentally ill children and adolescents. Child Abuse and Neglect, 19, 555-568.

Ballan, M. S., (2010). Parental perspectives of communication about sexuality in families of children with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 42, 676-684.

Blanchett, W. J. & Wolfe, P. S. (2002). A review of sexuality educaiton curricula: Meeting the sexuality education needs of individuals with mdoerate and severe intellectual disabilities. Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities, 27, 43-57.

Brown-Lavoie, S. M., Viecili, M. A., & Weiss, J. A. (2015). Sexual knowledge and victimization in adults with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44, 2185-2196

Davis, T. N., Machalicek, W., Scalzo, R., Kobylecky, A., Campbell, V., Pinkelman, S., Chan, J. M., Sigafoos, J., (2015). A Review and Treatment Selection Model for Individuals with Developmental Disabilities Who Engage in Inappropriate Sexual Behavior. Behavior Analysis Practice. doi:10.1007/s40617-015-0062-3

Dewinter, J., Vermeiren, R., Vanwesenbeeck, I., Lobbestael, J, & Van Nieuwenhuizen, C. (2014). Sexuality in adolescent boys with Autism Spectrum Disorder: Self-reported behaviors and attitudes.Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 45, 731-741.

Ferrara, M. L., & McDonald, S. (1996). Treatment of the juvenile sex offender: Neurological and psychiatric impairments. Northvale, NJ: Jason Aronson.

Hardoff, D & Millul, J. (1997) Education program on sexuality and disability for parents of physically handicapped adolescents. International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health, 3, 173-180.

Hellemans, H., Roeyers, H., Leplae, W., Dewaele, T., & Deboutte, D. (2010. Sexual behavior in male adolescents and young adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder and borderline/mild mental retardatio. Sexuality and Disability, 28, 93-104.

Hénault, I. (2006). Asperger’s syndrome and sexuality: From adolescence through adulthood. Philadelphia, PA: Jessica Kingsley Publisher.

Holmes, L. G., Himle, M. B., Sewell, K. K., Carbone, P. S., Strassberg, D. S., & Murphy, N. A. (2013). Addresing sexuality in youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Current pediatric practices and barriers. Journal of Devlopmental & Behavioral Pediatrics, 35, 172-178

Holmes, L. G. & Himle, M. B. (2014). Brief report: Parent-child sexuality communication and Autism Spectrum Disorders. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 44, 2964-2970.

Koller, R. (2000). Sexuality and adolescents with Autism. Sexuality and Disability, 2, 125-135.

Murphy, N. A., & Elias, E. R. (2006) Sexuality of children and adolescents with devlopmental disabilities. Pediatrics, 118, 398-403.

Nichols, S. & Blakeley-Smith, A. (2014). "I'm nor sure we're ready for this...": Working with families toward facilitating healthy sexuality for individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Social Work in mental Health, 8, 72-91.

Oladunni, T. M. (2012). Sexual behavior and practices among adolescents with disabilities in southwest Nigeria. Sexuality and Dsiabilities, 30 289-299.

Ray, F., Marks, C., & Bray-Garretson, H. (2004). Challenges to treating adolescents with Asperger’s syndrome who are sexually abusive. Sexual Addiction & Compulsivity, 11, 265-285.

Sevlever, M., Roth, M. E., & Gillis, J. M. (2013). Sexual Abuse and Offending in Autism Spectrum Disorders. Sexuality and Disabilities, 31, 189-200.

Stokes, M. A & Kaur, A. (2005). High-functioning Autism and sexuality. Autism, 9, 266-289.

Stokes, M., Newton, N., & Kaur, A. (2008). Stalking, and social and romantic functioning among adolescents with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Autism and Devlopmental Disorders, 37, 1969-1986.

Sullivan, A. & Caterino, L. C. (2008). Addresing the sexuality and sex education of inidivudals with Autism Spectrum Disorders. Education and Treatment of Children, 31, 381-394.

Tarnai, B. & Wolfe, P. S. (2008). Social stories for sexuality education for persons with Autism/Pervasive Devlppmental Disorder. Sexuality and Disabilities, 26, 29-36.

Travers, J. & Tincani, M. (2010). Sexuality education for individuals with autism spectrum disorders: Critical issues and decision making guidelines. Education and Training in Autism and Developmental Disabilities, 45, 284-293.

Travers, J., Tincani, M, Whitby, P. S., Boutot, E. A. (2014). Alignment of sexuality education with self determination for people with significant disabilities: A review of research and future directions. Education and Training in Autism and Devlopmental Disabilities, 49, 232-247.

Walters, J. B., Highes, T., L, Sutton, L. R., Marshall, S. N., Crothers, L. M., Lehman, C., ... & Huan, A. (2013). Maltreatment and depression in adolescent sexual offenders with Autism Spectrum Disorder. Journal of Chils Sexual Abuse, 22, 72-89.

Standards of Care

American Psychological Association. (2010). Ethical principles of psychologists and code of conduct. Retrieved from http://apa.org/ethics/code/index.aspx.

Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers. (2012). Adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior: Effective policies and practices. http://www.atsa.com/adolescents-engaged-in-sexually-abusive-behavior

ATSA practice guidelines for the assessment, treatment, and intervention with adolescents who have engaged in sexually abusive behavior (2017)

Chaffin, M., Berliner, L., Block, R., Johnson, T. C., Friedrich, W., Louis, D., Lyon, T. D., Page, J., Prescott, D., & Silovsky, J.F. (2008). Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers Task Force Report on Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Child Maltreatment, 13, 199-218. doi:10.1177/1077559507306718

Miner M, Borduin C, Prescott D, Bovensmann H, Schepker R, Du Bois R, et al. (2006). Standards of care for juvenile sexual offenders of the International Association for the Treatment of Sexual Offenders. Sexual Offender Treatment,1, 1–7.

Technology Use

Baumgartner, S. E., Sumter, S. R., Peter, J., & Valkenburg, P. M. (2012). Identifying teens at risk: Developmental pathways of online and offline sexual risk behavior. Pediatrics, 130, e1489-1496. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-0842. 

Braun-Courville, D. K., & Rojas, M. (2009). Exposure to sexually explicit web sites and adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 45, 156-162. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2008.12.004 

Houck, C. D., Barker, D., Rizzo, C., Hancock, E., Norton, A., & Brown, L. K. (2014). Sexting and sexual behavior in at-risk adolescents. Pediatrics, 133, e276-282. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-1157 

Judge, A. M. (2012). "Sexting" among U.S. adolescents: Psychological and legal perspectives. Harvard Review of Psychiatry, 20, 86-96. doi:10.3109/10673229.2012.677360

Klettke, B., Hallford, D. J., & Mellor, D. J. (2014). Sexting prevalence and correlates: A systematic literature review. Clinical Psychology Review, 34, 44-53. doi:10.1016/j.cpr.2013.10.007 

Livingstone, S., & Görzig, A. (2014). When adolescents receive sexual messages on the internet: Explaining experiences of risk and harm. Computers in Human Behavior, 33, 8-15. doi:10.1016/j.chb.2013.12.021 

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., Jones, L. M., & Wolak, J. (2012). Prevalence and characteristics of youth sexting: A national study. Pediatrics, 129, 13-20. doi:10.1542/peds.2011-1730 

Rice, E., Gibbs, J., Winetrobe, H., Rhoades, H., Plant, A., Montoya, J., & Kordic, T. (2014). Sexting and sexual behavior among middle school students. Pediatrics, 134, e21-28. doi:10.1542/peds.2013-2991 

Rice, E., Rhoades, H., Winetrobe, H., Sanchez, M., Montoya, J., Plant, A., & Kordic, T. (2012). Sexually explicit cell phone messaging associated with sexual risk among adolescents. Pediatrics, 130, 667-673. doi:10.1542/peds.2012-0021 

Ricketts, M. L., Maloney, C., Marcum, C. D., & Higgins, G. E. (2014). The effect of internet related problems on the sexting behaviors of juveniles. American Journal of Criminal Justice, 40, 270-284. doi:10.1007/s12103-014-9247-5 

Saleh, F. M., Grudzinskas, A., Judge, A. (20). Adolescent sexual behavior in the digital age: Considerations for clinicians, legal professionals, and educators. New York, NY: Oxford University Press. 

Strassberg, D. S., McKinnon, R. K., Sustaita, M. A., & Rullo, J. (2013). Sexting by high school students: An exploratory and descriptive study. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 42, 15-21. doi:10.1007/s10508-012-9969-8 

Temple, J. R., & Choi, H. (2014). Longitudinal association between teen sexting and sexual behavior. Pediatrics, 134, e1287-1292. doi:10.1542/peds.2014-1974 

Temple, J. R., Le, V. D., van den Berg, P., Ling, Y., Paul, J. A., & Temple, B. W. (2014). Brief report: Teen sexting and psychosocial health. Journal of Adolescence, 37, 33-36. doi:10.1016/j.adolescence.2013.10.008 

Temple, J. R. T., Jonathan, A. P., Patricia van den, B., Vi Donna, L., Amy, M., & Brian, W. (2016). Teen sexting and its association with sexual behaviors. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, 166, 828-833. doi:10.1001/archpediatrics.2012.835 

Van Ouytsel, J., Ponnet, K., & Walrave, M. (2014). The associations between adolescents' consumption of pornography and music videos and their sexting behavior. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 17, 772-778. doi:10.1089/cyber.2014.0365 

Van Ouytsel, J., Walrave, M., Ponnet, K., & Heirman, W. (2015). The association between adolescent sexting, psychosocial difficulties, and risk behavior: Integrative review. Journal of School Nursing, 31(1), 54-69. doi:10.1177/1059840514541964 

Vanden Abeele, M., Campbell, S. W., Eggermont, S., & Roe, K. (2014). Sexting, mobile porn use, and peer group dynamics: Boys' and girls' self-perceived popularity, need for popularity, and perceived peer pressure. Media Psychology, 17, 6-33. doi:10.1080/15213269.2013.801725 

Wolak, J. & Finkelhor, D. (2011) Sexting: A typology. Durhan, NH: Crimes against Children Research Center.

Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2014). "Sexting" and its relation to sexual activity and sexual risk behavior in a national survey of adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Health, 55, 757-764. doi:10.1016/j.jadohealth.2014.07.012

Treatment for Co-Occuring Concerns

Ginsburg, J. I. D., Mann, R. E., Rotgers, F., & Weekes, J. R. (2002). Motivational interviewing with criminal justice populations. In W. R. Miller & S. Rollnick (Eds.), Motivational interviewing: Preparing people for change (2nd ., pp. 333-346). New York: Guilford Press.

Goldstein, A. P., Glick, B., & Gibbs, J. C. (1998). Aggression Replacement Training: A comprehensive intervention for aggressive youth (revised edition), Champaign, IL: Research Press.

Hatcher, R. M., Palmer, E. J., McGuire, J., Hounsome, J. C., Bilby, C. A. L., & Hollin, C. R. (2008). Aggression Replacement Training with adult male offenders within community settings: A reconviction analysis. The Journal of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology, 19 (4), 517-532. doi:10.1080/14789940801936407

Hembree-Kigin, T. L., & McNeil, C. (1995). Parent-child interaction therapy. New York: Plenum Press.

Johnson, C. H., Mullins, L. & Walker, C. E. (2002). Elimination disorder. In M. Hersen (2002). Clinical behavior therapy: Adults and children. (pp. 434-448). New York, NY, US: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Koeppen, A.S. (1974). Relaxation training for children. Elementary School Guidance & Counseling, 9, 14-21.

McGrath, R. J., Cumming, G. F., & Burchard, B. L., Zeoli, S. & Ellerby, L. (2010). Current practices and trends in sexual abuser management: The Safer Society 2009 nationwide survey. Brandon, VT: Safer Society.

Miller, W. R., & Rollnick, S. (2002). Motivational interviewing: Preparing people to change addictive behavior (2nd ed.). New York: Guilford.

Nugent, W. R., Bruley, C., & Allen, P.(1998). The effects of Aggression Replacement Training on antisocial behaviour in a runaway shelter. Research on Social Work Practice, 8 (6), 637-656.

Ondersma, S. J., & Walker, C. E. (1998). Elimination disorders. In T. H. Ollendick, & M. Hersen (Ed). Handbook of child psychopathology (3rd ed.). (pp. 355-378).

Patterson, G. R., Reid, J. B., & Eddy, J. M. (2002). A brief history of the Oregon model. In J. B.

Reid, G. R. Patterson, & J. J. Snyder (Eds.), Antisocial behavior in children and adolescents: A developmental analysis and model for intervention (pp. 3-20). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.

Sanders, M. R., Cann, W., & Markie-Dadds, C. (2003). The triple P-positive parenting programme: A universal population-level approach to the prevention of child abuse. Child Abuse Review, 12, 155-171.

Walker, C. E. (1995). Elimination disorders: Enuresis and encopresis. In M.C. Roberts (Ed). Handbook of pediatric psychology (2nd ed.). (pp. 537-557).

Webster-Stratton, C. (2005). The incredible years: A training series for the prevention and treatment of conduct problems in young children. In E. D. Hibbs & P. S. Jensen (Eds.), Psychosocial treatments for child and adolescent disorders: Empirically based strategies for clinical practice (2nd ed., pp. 507-555).

Types and Co Occurring Concerns

Becker, J. V., & Kaplan, M. S. (1988). The assessment of adolescent sexual offenders. In T. H. Ollendick & R. J. Prinz (Eds.), Advances in clinical child psychology, 19, 177-197.

Bidwell, R. (2003, January). Adolescent sexuality. Case Based Pediatrics Chapter. Retrieved from http://www.hawaii.edu/medicine/pediatrics/pedtext/s20c06.html

Blanchard, R., Cantor, J. M., & Robichaud, L. K. (2006). Biological factors in the development of sexual deviance and aggression in males. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 77–104). New York: Guilford.

Brown, L. K.; Hadley, W., Stewart, A.; Lescano, C.; Whiteley, L., Donenberg, G., DiClemente, R. (2010). Psychiatric disorders and sexual risk among adolescents in mental health treatment. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 78(4), 590-597.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (2010). Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance—United States, 2009. Morbidity & Mortality Weekly Report, 57.

Chaffin, M.,Berliner, L., Block, R., Johnson, T. C., Friedrich, W., Louis, D., Lyon, T. D., Page, J., Prescott, D., & Silovsky, J.F. (2008). Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers Task Force Report on Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Child Maltreatment, 13, 199-218.

Hall, D. K., Mathews, F., & Pearce, J. (2002). Sexual behavior problems in sexually abused children: A preliminary typology. Child Abuse and Neglect, 26, 289-312. 125.

Hunter, J. A. (2006). Understanding diversity in juvenile sexual offenders: Implications for assessment, treatment, and legal management. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems (pp. 63-77). Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.

Hunter, J., Figueredo, A., & Malamuth, N. (2010). Developmental pathways into social and sexual deviance. Journal of Family Violence, 25(2), 141-148. doi:10.1007/s10896-009-9277-9

Hunter, J. A., Figueredo, A. J., Malamuth, N. M., & Becker, J. V. (2003). Juvenile sex offenders: Toward the development of a typology. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 15, 27-48.

Hyde, J., & DeLamater, J. (1997). Understanding human sexuality (6th ed.). New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Knight, R. A., & Prentky, R. A. (1993). Exploring characteristics for classifying juvenile sex offenders. In H. E. Barbaree, W. L. Marshall, & S. M.Hudson (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender, (pp. 45-83). New York: Guilford Press.

Moffitt, T.E. (1993) “Life-course persistent” and “adolescent-limited” anti-social behaviour: A developmental taxonomy. Psychological Review, 100, 674-701.

Murphy, W. (1997). Children with sexual behavior problems: An empirically derived taxonomy. Forum, 9(4), 10.

O’Brien, M. & Bera, W. (1986). Adolescent sexual offenders: A descriptive typology. A News Letter of the National Family Life Education Network, 1, 1-5.

Pierce, K. (2008). Typology of AISB: An update. American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. Special issue on Adolescent Illegal Sexual Behavior (AISB), 20(2), 9-11.

Pithers, W. D., Gray, A., Busconi, A., & Houchens, P. (1998). Children with sexual behavior problems: Identification of five distinct child types and related treatment considerations. Child Maltreatment, 3(4), 384-406.

Pithers, W.D., Gray, A., Busconi, A., & Houchens. P. (1998). Five empirically-derived subtypes of children with sexual behavior problems: Characteristics potentially related to juvenile delinquency and adult criminality. The Irish Journal of Psychology, 19(1), 49-67.

Rasmussen, L. A. (2004). Differentiating youth who sexually abuse: Applying a multidimensional framework when assessing subtypes. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 13(3/4), 57-82.

Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2001). Youths who have sexually offended: A review of the professional literature. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.

Righthand, S., Welch, C., Carpenter, E. M., Young, G. S., & Scoular, R. J. (2001). Sex offending by Maine youth: Their offenses and characteristics (Part 1 & Part II). Augusta, ME: Department of Corrections and Department of Human Services.

Seto, M. & Lalumiere, M. (2006). Conduct problems and juvenile sexual offenders: A comprehensive meta-analysis. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 166–188). New York: Guilford.

Zimmer-Gembeck M. J. & Helfand , M. (2008). Ten years of longitudinal research on U.S. adolescent sexual behavior: Developmental correlates of sexual intercourse, and the importance of age, gender and ethnic background. Developmental Review, 28, 153–224. doi:10.1016/j.dr.2007.06.001

Youth with Problematic Sexual Behavior

Araji, S. K. (1997). Sexually aggressive children: Coming to understand them. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage

Baker, A.J.L., Schneiderman, M., & Parker, R. (2002). A survey of problematic sexualized behaviors in the New York City child welfare system: Estimates of problem, impact on services, and need for training. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 10(4), 67-80.

Barbaree, H. E., & Langton, C. M. (2006). The effects of child sexual abuse and family environment. In Barbaree, H. E., & Marshall, W. L. The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed.). (pp. 58-76). New York: Guilford.

Bonner, B. (2008). Adolescents with illegal sexual behavior: Current knowledge. American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children. Special issue on Adolescent Illegal Sexual Behavior (AISB), 20 (2), 5-8.

Bonner, B.L., & Fahey, W.E. (1998). Children with aggressive sexual behavior. In N.N. Singh & A.S.W. Winton (Eds.), Comprehensive Clinical Psychology. Special Population (Vol. 9). Oxford, England: Elsevier Science, pp 453-466.

Burton, D. L., Miller, D. L., & Shill, C. T. (2002). A social learning theory comparison of the sexual victimization of adolescent sexual offenders and nonsexual offending male delinquents. Child Abuse & Neglect, 26, 893-907.

Chaffin, M., Berliner, L., Block, R., Johnson, T. C., Friedrich, W., Louis, D., Lyon, T. D., Page, J., Prescott, D., & Silovsky, J.F. (2008). Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers Task Force Report on Children with Sexual Behavior Problems. Child Maltreatment, 13, 199-218.

Elliott, D.M., & Smiljanich, K. (1994). Sex offending among juveniles: Development and response. Journal of Pediatric Health Care, 8, 101-105.

Finkelhor, D. (1984). Child Sexual Abuse: New Theory and Research. New York: Free Press.

Friedrich, W. N., Davies, W. H., Feher, E., & Wright, J. (2003). Sexual behavior problems in preteen children: Developmental, ecological, and behavioral correlates. Annuals of the New York Academy of Science, 989, 95-104.

Friedrich, W.N., & Lueke, W. (1988). Young school-age sexually aggressive children. Professional Psychology - Research & Practice. 19, 155-164.

Friedrich, W. N., & Sim, L. (2006). Attachment styles and sexual abuse. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems (pp. 369-382). Holyoke, MA: NEARI.

Gray, A., Busconi, A., Houchens, P., & Pithers, W. D. (1997). Children with sexual behavior problems and their caregivers: Demographics, functioning, and clinical patterns. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 9, 267-290.

Hagan, M. P., Gust-Brey, K. L., Cho, M. E., & Dow, E. (2001). Eight-year comparative analyses of adolescent rapists, adolescent child molesters, other adolescent delinquents, and the general population. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, 45(3), 314-324. doi:10.1177/0306624X01453004

Hall, D. K., Mathews, F., & Pearce, J. (1998). Factors associated with sexual behavior problems in young sexually abused children. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(10), 1045-1063.

Hall, D., Mathews, F., Pearce, J., Sarlo-McGarvey, N., & Gavin, D. (1996). The development of sexual behavior problems in children and youth. Toronto, Ontario: Central Toronto Youth Services.

Hunter, J. A. (2006). Understanding diversity in juvenile sexual offenders: Implications for assessment, treatment, and legal management. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems (pp. 63-77). Holyoke, MA: NEARI Press.

Johnson, T. C. (1988). Child perpetrators—Children who molest other children: Preliminary findings. Child Abuse & Neglect, 12, 219-229.

Johnson, T.C. (1990). Children who act out sexually. In J. McNamara & B.H. McNamara (Eds.). Adoption and Sexually Abused Child (pp. 63-73). University of S. Maine.

Johnson, T. C., & Doonan, R. (2006). Children twelve and under with sexual behavior problems: What we know in 2005 that we didn’t know in 1985. In R. E. Longo & D. S. Prescott (Eds.), Current perspectives: Working with sexually aggressive youth and youth with sexual behavior problems (pp. 79-118). Holyoke, MA: NEARI.

Jones, D. P. H. (1999). Editorial: Children with sexual behavior problems. Child Abuse and Neglect, 23(6), 597-600.

Knight, Raymond A.; Sims-Knight, Judith E. (2004). Testing an etiological model for male juvenile sexual offending against females. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 13(3-4), 33-55. doi:10.1300/J070v13n03_03

Langstrom, N., Grann, M., & Lichtenstein, P. (2002). Genetic and environmental influences on problematic masturbatory behavior in children: A study of same-sex twins. Archives of Sexual Behavior, 31, 343-350.

Lanyado, M., Hodges, J., Bentovim, A., Andreou, C., et al. (1995). Understanding boys who sexually abuse other children. Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy, 9, 231-242.

Letourneau, E., Schoewald, S. K., & Sheidow, A. J. (2004). Children and adolescents with sexual behavior problems. Child Maltreatment 9(1), 49-61

Marshall, W. L. (1996). The sexual offender: Monster, victim, or everyman? Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 8, 317-335. doi:10.1007/BF02260166 Milloy, C. D. (June, 1994). A comparative study of juvenile sex offenders and non-sex offenders. Washington State Institute for Public Policy.

National Center on Sexual Behavior of Youth (2003). What Research Shows About Adolescent Sex Offenders, 1. www.ncsby.org.

Pithers, W. D., & Gray, A. S. (1993). Pre-adolescent sexual abuse research project: Research grantees status report. Washington, DC: National Center on Child Abuse and Neglect.

Pithers, W.D., & Gray, A.S. (1998). The other half of the story: Children with sexual behavior problems. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 4, 200-217.

Pithers, W. D., Gray, A., Busconi, A., & Houchens, P. (1998). Caregivers of children with sexual behavior problems: Psychological and family functioning. Child Abuse & Neglect, 22(2), 129-141.

Righthand, Orooji, & Hecker, (2009, October). Are sex offending youths in the justice system more “dangerous” than youths diverted from juvenile justice? Paper presented at the 28th Annual Meeting of the Association for the Treatment of Sexual Abusers, Dallas, Texas.

Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2001). Youths who have sexually offended. A review of the professional literature. Washington, DC: Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention. Righthand, S. & Welch, C. (2004). Characteristics of youth who sexually offend: Theoretical issues. Journal of Child Sexual Abuse, 13(3/4), 15-32.

Righthand, S., Welch, C., Carpenter, E. M., Young, G. S., & Scoular, R. J. (2001). Sex offending by Maine youth: Their offenses and characteristics (Part 1 & Part II). Augusta, Maine: Department of Corrections and Department of Human Services.

Ronis, S.T., & Borduin, C.M. (2007). Individual, family, peer, and academic characteristics of male juvenile sexual offenders. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 35(2), 153-163.

Rubinstein, M., Yeager, C. A., Goodstein, C., & Lewis, D. O. (1993). Sexually assaultive male juveniles: A follow-up. American Journal of Psychiatry, 150, 262-265.

Sabina, C., Wolak, J.D., Finkelhor, D. (2008). The nature and dynamics of internet pornography exposure for youth. Cyberpsychology & Behavior, 11(6), 691-693. doi:10.1089/cpb.2007.0179

Seto, M. & Lalumiere, M. (2006). Conduct problems and juvenile sexual offenders: A comprehensive meta-analysis. In H. E. Barbaree & W. L. Marshall (Eds.), The juvenile sex offender (2nd ed., pp. 166–188). New York: Guilford.

Silovsky, J., & Bonner, B. L. (2003). Sexual behavior problems. In T. H. Ollendick & C. S. Schroeder (Eds.), Encyclopedia of clinical child and pediatric psychology (pp. 589-591). New York: Kluwer Press.

Silovsky, J. F., & Niec, L. (2002). Characteristics of young children with sexual behavior problems: A pilot study. Child Maltreatment, 7, 187-197.

Swisher, L., Silovsky, J.F., Stewart, J., & Pierce, K. (2008). Children with sexual behavior problems. Juvenile and Family Court Journal, 59. 49-69.

Veneziano, C., & Veneziano, L. (2002). Adolescent sex offenders: A review of the literature. Trauma Violence Abuse, 3(4): 247 - 260.

Wiebush, R. G. (1996). Juvenile sex offenders: Characteristics, system response and recidivism: Final Report. National Council on Crime and Delinquency. Washington, DC: OJJDP

Weinrott, M. (1996). Juvenile sexual aggression: A critical review. Boulder, CO: University of Colorado, Institute for Behavioral Sciences, Center for the Study and Prevention of Violence.